PERANCANGAN INSINERATOR FIXED BED UPDRAFT TERINTEGRASI DENGAN SCRUBBER UNTUK MEMISAHKAN TAR

Eko Naryono, Arief Rachmansyah, Soemarno Soemarno

Sari


Incineration of household organic waste requires treatments of the flue gases to minimize pollutants. One type of pollutants in the flue gas incinerator product is tar, which is the result of the degradation of cellulose and lignin in biomass. One simple method of separation of tar from the exhaust gases is by absorption, using water as a medium scrubber. The scrubber water, before being discharged into the environment or reused needs to be treated to reduce pollutants. The purpose of this design was developed incinerator and scrubber system, which is integrated in one piece of equipment that can separate the pollutants in the flue gas, and tar from the water effectively. The working principle of the equipment is functioning to burn solid waste, absorbing the flue gas by scrubber and separate the tar from scrubber water by evaporation. Conceptually, based on visual observation of the product flue gas and waste water, the design of this incinerator can produce clean flue gas and waste water. Incinerators designed can reduce hydrocarbon content in the exhaust gases of up to 75% and tar in wastewater up to 76%.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF (English)

Referensi


Antonopoulos I.-S, A. Karagiannidis, L.

Elefsiniotis, G. Perkoulidis, A. Gkouletsos,

Development of an innovative 3-

stage-bed gasifier for municipal sold waste

and biomass. Fuel Processing Technology.

: 2389-2396

Caballero, J.A., Marcilla, A., Front, R., Conesa,

JA., 1997. Characterisation of sludges

primary and secondary pyrolysis. J. Anal.

Applied Pyrolysis. 4041 : 433-450

Caneghem J.V., A. Bream, P. Lievens, C. Block, P.

Billen, I. Vermeulen, R. Dewil, J.

Baeyens, C. Vandecasteele, 2012.

Fluidized bed of waste incinerator.

Progress in Energy and Combustion

Science : Article in Press

Chong, C., Qi-Jin, Y., Hua Yan, J., Yong Chi 2011.

Simulation of municipal solid waste in two

different types of fixed bed reactors. Fuel.

Article in Press

Fjellerup J., Ahrenfelt J., Henriksen U., Gobel B.,

Formation, decomposition and

cracking of biomass tars in gasification.

Departement of Mechanical Engineering,

Technical University of Denmark. ISBN

nr. :87-7475-326-6 : 5-48

Julianus, I.K., Hermana, J., 2009. Optimalisasi

Pengelolaan TPA Alak dalam Mengatasi

Permasalahan Persampahan di Kota

Kupang. Makalah seminar nasional

aplikasi teknologi prasarana wilayah .

ISBN 978-979 –18342 -1- 6

Levenspiel O., 1999. Chemical Reaction

Engineering, 3th edition, John Wiley &

Sons (Asia), Singapore.

Liu, Y.A., Liu, Y.U., 2005. “Novel incineration

technology integrated with drying,

pyrolysis, gasification, and combustion of

MSW and ashes vitrivication.

Enviromental Science Technology. 39:

- 3863.

Lu Aye, E.R., Widjaya, 2006. Environmental and

economic analysis of disposal options for

traditional markets in Indonesia. Waste

Management.

: 1180-1191.

Lee, C.C., Lin, S.D., 2007. Handbook of

environmental engineering calculations.

second edition. 39 , Mc. Graw- Hill

Companies.

Liang , L., Sun, R., Fei, J., Wu, S., Liu, X., Dai, K.,

Yao., 2008. Experimental study on effects

of moisture content on combustion

characteristics of simulated municipal

solid waste in fixed bed. Bioresource

Technology. 99 :7238- 7246

Naryono E., 2016. Perancangan Sistem Pembakaran

Sampah Organik Rumah Tangga Ramah

Lingkungan. Disertasi. Universitas

Brawijaya, Malang

Naryono, E., Atikah, Arief R., Soemarno2015.

Treatment of waste water from organic

fraction incineration of municipal solid

waste (MSW) by evaporation-absorbtion

process International Journal of

Engineering Research and Development:

(08) : 1- 8

Patrick, C.A., Bragman, Sander, V.B., van Paasen.,

Boerrigter, H., 2002. The novel “OLGA”technology for complete tar removal from

biomass producer gas. Paper presented at

Pyrolysis and Gasification of Biomass and

waste, expert Meeting, 30 September – 1

October 2002, Starsbourg, France.

Quina, J.M., Bordado, J.C., Quinta-Ferreira, R.M.,

Review treatment and use of air

pollution control residues from MSW

incineration. Waste Management. 28 :

-2121

Solid waste combustion and incineration,

http://www.epa.gov/eaposwer/nonhw/muncpl/landfill/ sw_combst.htm

Subagiyo, Naryono, E., Santosa, S., 2013. Effect of

organic household waste tar removal by

condensation on the flue gas composition.

International Journal of Engineering and

Science: 2(2) : 34-41

Stantec, 2011. Technical review of municipal solid

waste thermal treatment practices

Werther, J., Ogada, T., 1999. Sawage sludge

combustion. Progress in Energy and

Combustion Science. 25: 55-116.

Warnecke, R., 2000. Gasification of biomass:

comparison of fixed bed and fluidizedbed

gasifier. Biomass Bioenergy. 18(6) : 489-


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.