SCAFFOLDING DAN DAMPAKNYA: STUDI KASUS PADA PEMBELAJARAN MATERI KUBUS

Kristina Widjajanti

Sari


Kemampuan guru dalam mengajar sangat penting, di antaranya adalah kemampuan terhadap penguasaan materi
pelajaran dan bagaimana membelajarkan siswa. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengidentifikasi scaffolding yang
digunakan guru berdasarkan kategori scaffolding dari Roehler & Cantlon dan dampak scaffolding guru terhadap
pemahaman siswa terkait konsep kubus. Penelitian dilakukan di kelas V pada salah satu Sekolah Dasar Swasta
kota Malang. Hasil pengamatan identifikasi jenis scaffolding yang digunakan guru dalam pembelajaran materi
kubus adalah: pemodelan tingkah laku, menawarkan penjelasan, mengundang siswa untuk berpartisipasi,
mengundang siswa untuk berkontribusi memberikan petunjuk, serta memverifikasi dan menglarifikasi
pemahaman siswa. Terdapat dua dampak scaffolding yaitu scaffolding yang menguatkan konsep yang disebut
scaffolding produktif (productive scaffolding) dan scaffolding yang berdampak mengaburkan konsep yang
disebut scaffolding kontra produktif (counterproductive scaffolding). Scaffolding yang berdampak menguatkan
konsep mempunyai makna bahwa bantuan yang diberikan guru membantu siswa dalam memahami konsep yang
berkaitan dengan kubus. Scaffolding yang berdampak mengaburkan konsep adalah scaffolding yang berakibat
menjauhkan pemahaman siswa dari konsep yang berkaitan dengan kubus.

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Referensi


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